Within Christianity, there are two basic sources of knowledge. There is God and the natural universe God created. Truth is given from God to man and man knows nothing unless God has given him truth to know. It is believed that God has given to man a particular source of knowledge in the Bible, a very specific revelation that could not have been found in nature. In the world today, there are four primary views of biblical knowledge.
Biblical Fundamentalist – Christians hold that the knowledge found in the Bible is the only viable knowledge. Biblical knowledge is held as sourced from God without corruption. All other sources of knowledge, including history, science, art, etc., are considered derived from the effort of men, devoid of God, and corrupt beyond value.
Biblical Rationalist – Christians hold that the knowledge found in the Bible is superior to all other forms of knowledge, but other forms of knowledge, such as history, science, art, etc., are also valuable for study and exploration.
Pagan Rationalist – Knowledge found in nature and knowledge found in the Bible are fundamentally the same. The sciences and religions of the world form a composite source of information that reveals truth in all areas of life.
Naturalist – Knowledge found in nature is the only source of value and all other claimed sources of knowledge, such as transcendent and supernaturally revealed knowledge, are considered false sources and are not to be trusted.